Previous: Siege of Jerusalem
Next: Battle of Philomelion, Battle of Arsuf
Siege of Acre
Siege of Acre
Conflict: Third Crusade
Date: 28 August 1189-12 July 1191
Place: Acre, Israel
Outcome: Decisive Crusader victory
Combatants

England.png England
France.png France
Jerusalem.png Jerusalem
Templars.png Templar Order
Hospitallers.png Knights Hospitaller
Pisa.png Republic of Pisa
Hauteville.png Sicily
Papal States 2.png Papal States
HRE 2.png Holy Roman Empire
Cilicia.png Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Denmark 2.png Denmark
Genoa.png Republic of Genoa

Ayyubids.png Ayyubid Sultanate

Commanders

England.png Richard I of England
France.png Philip Augustus
France.png Philip I of Flanders
France.png Conrad of Montferrat
Jerusalem.png Guy de Lusignan
Templars.png Gerard de Ridefort
Templars.png Robert de Sable
Pisa.png Ubaldo Lanfranchi
HRE 2.png Frederick VI of Swabia
HRE 2.png Leopold V of Austria
HRE 2.png Depolt II
Cilicia.png Leo II of Cilicia
Genoa.png Simone Doria

Ayyubids.png Saladin
Ayyubids.png Emir Mojili
Ayyubids.png Aibek al-Akhresh
Ayyubids.png Ibn al-Bessarau
Ayyubids.png Imad ed-Din Sinjari
Ayyubids.png Hossam ad-Din Lulu
Ayyubids.png Moezz ad-Din
Ayyubids.png al-Adil I
Ayyubids.png Gokbori
Ayyubids.png Beha ad-Din Karakush
Ayyubids.png Abu al-Heija
Ayyubids.png Ibn Barik
Ayyubids.png Saif ad-Din Meshtub
Ayyubids.png Shirkuh ibn Bakhel al-Kurdi

Strength

59,000 men
102 ships

50,000 men
50 galleys

Casualties

19,000 dead

10,000+ dead

The Siege of Acre occurred from 1189 to 1191 at the start of the Third Crusade, when an armada of Crusader ships and soldiers laid siege to the key Levantine port city of Acre. Kings Richard I of England and Philip Augustus of France, among many other Western European Christian lords, answered the call to arms from the Kingdom of Jerusalem following Jerusalem's fall to the Saracens in 1191, and, in the "Crusade of Kings", a large alliance of European rulers assembled 59,000 Crusaders and 102 ships for the reconquest of the Holy Land. This fleet made landfall at the Saracen stronghold of Acre, with the first 10,000 Crusaders besieging the city's 5,000-10,000-strong garrison. The Crusaders were unable to fully surround the city due to its location along the Mediterranean coast, while the Saracens were also unable to fully relieve the city. Both sides received supplies from the sea, and the besiegers were themselves besieged by large Muslim relief forces which soon augmented their numbers to 50,000. A small crusader force led by the King of Jerusalem, Guy de Lusignan, went on to beat off Egyptian relief attempts and breach the city's walls, after which the garrison surrendered. The flags of Jerusalem, France, England, and the Duchy of Austria were soon raised over the city, and Richard attempted to negotiate a prisoner exchange with Saladin. Believing that Saladin had stalled for too long, Richard had 2,700 Muslim prisoners executed, leading to Saladin ordering the executions of all of his Christian captives. Soon, Leopold of Austria - jealous of Richard and Philip's leading positions in the alliance - decided to return to Austria, leaving Richard in command of his Imperial contingent. Philip then returned home to settle a succession crisis and to deal with rebellious nobles, leaving Richard as the sole commander of the Christian expeditionary force, which would use Acre as its main base for the rest of the Third Crusade.

Gallery

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.