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The Revolutionary Nationalist Movement (MNR) is a Bolivian national conservative party that was founded on 7 June 1942 by Victor Paz Estenssoro and Hernan Siles. The MNR was accused of being fascist during World War II, and the United States asked President Gualberto Villarroel to remove the MNR from his cabinet during the 1940s. In 1952, the MNR overthrew the military in a coup, ruling until a 1964 coup by Rene Barrientos and the military overthrew Estenssoro, who attempted to amend the Constitution to allow him to fix some internal divisions in the MNR. In 1971, when Estenssoro supported Hugo Banzer's dictatorship, the MNR lost much of its already-weakening support, and in 2016 it had no government seats.

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