Max Erwin von Scheubner-Richter.jpg

Max Erwin von Scheubner-Richter (21 January 1884 – 9 November 1923) was an early member of the German Nazi Party who was killed during the failed Beer Hall Putsch of 1923.

Biography

Max Erwin von Scheubner-Richter was born on 21 January 1884 in Riga, Livonia, German Empire (present-day Riga, Latvia) to a family of Baltic Germans. In 1905, he was one of the soldiers in the private armies sent to put down the Russian revolution, and he later became a diplomat of the German Empire. He was sent to Erzerum in the Ottoman Empire as Vice Consul, and he documented the Turkish massacres of Armenians during the Armenian Genocide of 1916-1918. After the war, he was involved in the counter-revolution in the Russian Empire, and he returned to Germany in 1918 with fellow Baltic German Alfred Rosenberg. In September 1923, the two of them convinced Adolf Hitler to seize political power from the Weimar Republic with the Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, and he walked arm-in-arm with Hitler during the coup. The Nazis were fired on by armed guards and Scheubner-Richter was hit in the lungs, dying and dislocating Hitler's right shoulder as he fell. He was one of fifteen Nazis who died in the coup, and Mein Kampf was dedicated to him.

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