Historica Wiki

John Philo Hoyt.jpg

John Philo Hoyt (6 October 1841-27 August 1926) was the Republican Governor of the Arizona Territory from 30 May 1877 to 6 October 1878, succeeding Anson P.K. Safford and preceding John C. Fremont.


John Philo Hoyt was born in Austinburg Township, Ohio in 1841, and he worked as a teacher before joining the Union Army at the start of the American Civil War. He served as a captain in the 87th Ohio Infantry Regiment during the war, and he moved to Vassar, Michigan in 1867 and served as Tuscola County prosecuting attorney 1868 to 1870. He went on to serve in the State House from 1873 to 1876, served as Secretary of the Arizona Territory from 1876 to 1877, and served as Governor of Arizona from 1877 to 1878. He oversaw the opening of the Bisbee and Tombstone mining districts, built a dependablle civilian telegraph system, and built the Southern Pacific Railroad from Yuma, Arizona to California. He was replaced by John C. Fremont in 1878, and he moved to Washington DC, and he served as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Washington Territory from 1879 to 1887, as a justice of the Washington Supreme Court from 1889 to 1897, a regent for the University of Washington from 1898 to 1902, and a law professor at the school from 1902 to 1907. He died in Seattle in 1926.