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Burgundy is a historical territory and region of France, with Dijon serving as its capital. The region was named for the Burgundii people, a Germanic tribe which migrated west of the Rhine during the Fall of the Roman Empire. In 532, the Franks defeated the Burgundii at Autun and annexed Burgundy two years later, and the French Duchy of Burgundy existed from 1032 to 1477. During the Hundred Years' War, the Dukes of Burgundy became powerful rivals of the King of France, and the death of Duke Charles the Bold in battle in 1477 led to France annexing southern Burgundy (now the French region) and the Habsburgs of Spain occupying the north (the Spanish Netherlands and Franche-Comte). Burgundy had a population of 1,631,000 in 2008.

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