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Abu Maria al-Qahtani.jpg

Maysara Ali bin Musa bin Abdullah al-Jabbouri (1 June 1976-), also known as Abu Maria al-Qahtani, was the Emir of Eastern Syria under the al-Nusra Front during the Syrian Civil War from 2011 to 30 July 2014.


Maysara Ali bin Musa bin Abdullah al-Jabbouri was born in Iraq to a Sunni Muslim Arab family. He studied at the University of Mosul and gained a degree in management; he briefly worked as a police officer and in the Fedayeen Saddam militia before defecting to the jihadist movement during the Iraq War. In 2004, he was arrested for many years for his insurgent activities, and after his release he became head of al-Qaeda in Iraq's religious police and an Islamic State of Iraq religious authority in Mosul. Later, he led the religious police, and he managed their relations with the Iraqi tribes until he was arrested once more by the government. At the end of 2011, he moved to Syria, and he became a leader of the al-Nusra Front. He became their military commander and religious authority in eastern Syria, but after the Islamic State launched a massive offensive that took over much of eastern Syria, he advocated a split from al-Qaeda and junction with the Islamic State. As a result, he was replaced by Sami al-Oraydi on 30 July 2014. In 2016, he took part in the founding of Ahrar al-Sharqiya, and he became a Tahrir al-Sham commander in 2017.